CKD is a debilitating chronic disease in its own right, can also contribute to, or be impacted by, other prominent chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes.The below shows CKD and GFR for each stage:
Stage 1 CKD GFR: 90+ Description:Normal kidney function but tests show early signs of kidney damage
Stage 2 CKD GFR:60-89 Description:Mildly reduced kidney function, test results point to some signs of kidney damage
Stage3 CKD GFR:30-59 Description:Moderately reduced kidney function
Stage 4 CKD GFR:15-29 Description:Severely reduced kidney function
Stage 5 CKD GFR:<15 or on dialysis Description: Established kidney failure, kidney dialysis or transplant may be needed
Stage 1 CKD
A person with stage 1 CKD has kidney damage with a glomerular filtration rate at a normal or high level greater than 90 ml/min. There are usually no symptoms to indicate the kidneys are damaged. Because kidneys do a good job even when they’re not functioning at 100%, most people will not know they have stage 1 CKD.
Stage 2 CKD
Stage 2 CKD is mildly reduced kidney function, GFR 60-89mls/min/1.73m2 Both stages require other evidence of kidney disease.There are usually no symptoms to indicate the kidneys are damaged. Becausekidneys do a good job even when they’re not functioning at 100%, most people will not know they have stage 2 CKD.
Stage 3 CKD
As kidney function declines waste products can build up in the blood causing a condition known as “uremia.” In stage 3 CKD a person is more likely to develop complications of kidney disease such as hypertension anemia or early bone disease.
Stage 4 CKD
A person with Stage 4 CKD has advanced kidney damage with a severe decrease in GFR to 15-30 ml/min. It is likely someone with Stage 4 CKD will need dialysis or a kidney transplant in the near future.As kidney function declines, waste products and toxins build up in the blood causing a condition known as “uremia.”
Stage 5 CKD
If your kidneys keep getting worse, CKD can lead to ESRD(end-stage renal disease). This is when the kidneys do not work well enough for you to live. If this happens, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to live.